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In the name of Allah most gracious most merciful.

Eid Al-Adha  (1431h - 2010ac)

 

Written by:       Sk. Omar Ali

Translated by: Dr. Faheem Bukhatwa

 

10 Thul-Hejja 1431h

16 November 2010ac

 

 

 

Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar

Allah is the Greatest, for all the Muslims making pilgrims to the old mosque.

Allah is the Greatest, for all the far and deep valleys they follow,

All thanks be to Allah who because of His mercies the good deeds happen, and because of His grace the mercies and blessings come down, and through His guidance targets do materialise. Thanks be to Allah who guided us to this. We wouldnt have been guided if not for His guidance. Thanks be to Allah who completed for us the mercy of Islam, and made this valuable faith inclusive and comprehensive and whole. With this faith He made us the best nation to be brought out to man kind, commending the good and deterring against evil, and believing in Allah.

 

I testify that there is no God but Allah, the one, the only who Has no associates. He was happy for Islam to be out faith, and with Islam He complemented His grace upon us.

 

I testify that our master, our leader, and our example and ideal and our beloved Muhammad is the messenger of Allah and His slave. He is guidance for all man kind to righteousness and a leader of all creation to truth. He was sent by His Lord with the true faith bringing good tidings and also as a forewarning; and preaching to Allah with; His consent, and he was sent as a shining light. Through his message Allah made blind eyes see, and deaf ears hear again, and enshrined hearts reopen. And through him people were brought out from darkness to light to the path of Allah. May Allahs peace and prayers be upon him and upon his companions and his followers. Allah says: {those who believed in him, and honoured him and supported him, and followed the light which was brought down with him, for they are the winners} 7:157.

 

Dear Muslims, today is an EAD day, the day of Al-Adha Ead (Feast of the sacrifice). The greater day of hajj (pilgrimage) as Allah and His messenger called this day. The day of the great convention or great assembly when Muslims stand in their Iharm (most basic) outfit detached from all extras before Allah, calling and glorifying Him: Labbake Allah um Labbake,

At Your command Allah, at Your command,

No partners are with You,

At Your command,

All thanks, blessings and possession are to You ,

No partners are with You.

 

This is the second Eid for Muslims. For Muslims have two celebrations or two feasts. When the messenger ppbu came to Al-Madina, he found them to have two days during which they play and mess. He was told that they used to celebrate those two days during the days of ignorance. The messenger ppbu said: {Allah has replaced those two days for you with two better days, the day of Al-Adha (sacrifice) and the Day of El-Fitr (fast-breakinig)}. Eid El-Fitr comes after the worship of fasting, and the second: Eid Al-Adha comes after the worship of Hajj (pilgrimage). It is like that those two days (Al-Fitr and Al-Adha) are two prizes and a reward from Allah to His slaves for all they did in perfecting the duties of fasting and pilgrimage (Hajj).

 

The Godly meaning and the human meaning of Eif in Islam

 

Eids in Islam have two clear meanings. A Godly meaning which is clear through tying it with other worships. For us Muslims an Eid starts with a glorification and a prayer. We Muslims do not chant or call a name of any creature. We only call the name of Allah alone the creator. This is the decoration of Eids. Muslims decorate their Eids through takbeer (glorifying Allah): so decorate your Eid with takbeer. Takbeer is allowed at the end of each prayer starting from Fajr prayer on the day of Arafa (yesterday) up until the Asr prayer of the last of the celebration days (3rd day of Eid). That is a total of 23 prayers at the end of which a Muslim does a takbeer. The Godly meaning of Eid is bound with those meanings of faith.

 

The human meaning is that the individual is not to forget his brother, or not to feel happiness on his own, and is not to be a selfish person.

 

The duty of donation or Zakah on Eid El-Fitr

Islam enacted the Fitr donation (zakah) being compulsory for each Muslim, young or old, male or female. It acts as a cleanser the fasting during Ramadan, and provides food for the poor. Through zakah those who would need to ask for assistance, are spared the need to ask. Islam is not that one would eat to the fill of his stomach, and has a laugh that fills his teeth and sleep so sound to the fill of his eyes when he can hear of brothers of his who have nothing to eat. Even if this were allowed at any other time (and it isnt), then it certainly is not acceptable on any day of the days of Eid.

 

The sacrifice on the Eid of Al-Adha

 

Islam enacted the sacrifice on Eid Al-Adha (or Eid of sacrifice). It was enacted as a costume of Islam. Some scholars in fact see it as a compulsory duty for the well off Muslims to provide for himself, his family, and his neighbours and loved ones, and also to provide for the poor round him. Let him not live; this who eats alone. We must not live alone in a closed circle. We must open up on to the others round us, on to those in need and feed them and donate to them and give gifts to them.

 

The human meaning is also reflected through giving as a present part of the sacrifice both to Muslims and to non-Muslims. It is permissible to give a present to the non-Muslim as long as they are not in an on going war against Muslims. The messenger ppbu said: {Gabriel kept on advising and recommending neighbour to me until I thought the neighbour was about to be included in inheritance}

 

The greatness of Islam is in the greatness of its men

 

A non-Muslim studied Islam and became real fond of it. He liked its teachings and he said: what a great religion if it had some men. And it is true, we are a nation of over a billion Muslims in the world today, but as the messenger ppbu described us as the foam of flood. We need less numbers but more faithful and not more who are idle. We need the quality not the quantity.

 

One of the human meanings of Eid is that every Muslim will congratulate his fellow Muslim brother. Eid is to eliminate the gap between brothers, and to end disputes between brothers, and mend fences with others. If people were allowed to dispute and break up on other days (and remember they are not allowed on other days), then this is most definitely not allowed on Eid day. Seek out your relatives, your brothers, your blood relatives, and your neighbours, those who broke up with you, and those who shunned you, and reach those who broke up with you, and give those who stopped giving you, and forgive this who aggressed against you. Be kind to this that hurt you. Those are the ultimate morals with which the messenger ppbu was sent.

 

Eid of sacrifice and redemption

 

The sacrifice enlivens the memories of the sacrifice of Prophet Abraham and his son Ishmael peace be upon them both. That is the story of the great sacrifice and great redemption. Where are the sacrifices of the youth of the nation of Islam today when compared with the sacrifice of Ishmael when he accepted to be slaughtered in compliance with the ruling of His lord? Ishmael was an example in obeying his father. Our youth today know nothing about sacrifice except the few and far in between.

 

You fathers, keep alive the custom of your father Abraham. Make sure to give a sacrifice and teach your children to keep it up. Teach them the meaning of sacrifice and make them dislike and deplore selfishness.

 

Today congratulate each other by saying: May Allah accept from us and from you. Exchange visits; establish contact between you for maintaining contact is one of Islams targets. 

 

 

 

 

Notes:

  1. Adhan - The call to prayer.

  2. Ahmad (Ahmed)- Another name for the messenger Muhammad (PPBU).

  3. Allah - The Arabic word for "god."  It is often used as a name for God in Islam.

  4. Ansar (or Al-Ansar): The inhabitants of the city of Al-Medina that received and supported the messenger (PPBU) when he immigrated from Mekkah in the very early years of Islam.

  5. Assalam Alaikum - The Islamic greeting, literately means: Peace be with you. Used when approaching or leaving. When used during approaching it will be like saying: I bring no harm to you . and when said during leaving somebody it will mean: No harm will come to you after I leave.

  6. Aya (or Ayah): is a verse of the Koran. It also means a miracle or a sign from God.

  7. Arafa (or Arafah or Arafat): is a mountain outside the city of Mecca that represents the climax of the Hajj worship. All doing Hajj must stay at this location on the same day.

  8. Badr - The place of the first significant battle between the Muslims and the pagans of the Quraish. It is located in Saudi Arabia.  

  9. Caliph - A Muslim ruler. See: (Khalifa) 

  10. Dajjal - Antichrist or the False Massiah.

  11. Dawah - The proliferation of Islamic teachings through word and deed.  

  12. Deen (Din) - Religion or way of life. 

  13. Duaa: a prayer in the form of talking to Allah; praising him and asking him for help.

  14. Fatwa - Legal verdict given based on the Qur'an (Koran) and the Sunnah which are the recorded sayings and deeds of Muhammad.

  15. Ferdose: is the highest level of the all the gardens of Eden or paradise.

  16. Fiqh - Religious law.

  17. Hadeeth: is something reported that the messenger have said. It includes all the speeches and ceremonies he gave. It is usually narrated or told by one of his companions. There is a list of hadeeths approximately 14000 that are reported and checked to be genuine. No more hadeeths are acceptably added to this list.

  18. Hajar - The Black Stone set into the corner of the Ka'aba in Mecca. It is said to be a stone from Heaven.

  19. Hajj - The pilgrimage to Mecca which takes place in the last month of the Islamic calendar.  One of the five pillars of Islam.

  20. Hasana or hasanas: is the reward for a good deed. a hasana is a point or a merit for a good deed.

  21. Hadith - The sayings and not deeds of the prophet Muhammad recorded by his followers.  Considered authoritative and perfect.

  22. Hajj: is the worship of pilgrimage.

  23. Hijra (or Hejrah): the event of the immigration of the messenger from Mekkah to Madina. This event marks the start of the Islamic calendar. the Islamic calendar has 12 months based on the lunar cycle, each is 29.5 days. Hijra is also used as a name for the Islamic dating system.

  24. Ibadah - Worship. All the words and deeds with which Allah is pleased. These deeds could be prayer and charity.

  25. Iblis - (Ibleese): On of Satan's names.

  26. Ibn (Ebn): the son of. Used by Arabs as part of an individual's name. Example: Ali whose father is Omar or the son of Omar, would be called: Ali Ibn Omar.

  27. Imam (or Emam)- The leader for a prayer. In the Shiaa sect, an Imam is the individual who has the religious authority.  

  28. Iman: belief or faith

  29. Injil (Enjeel) - The Bible. The book inspired to Jesus for the Christians.

  30. Islam - Submission, the religion of all the prophets of Allah culminating in Muhammad.

  31. Jannah - The heavenly garden, Paradise.  The place of the faithful in the afterlife.

  32. Jihad: is striving in the line of Allah in many forms. Includes a very wide scope varying from improving oneself to fighting a defensive war in protection of Allah's word. The greatest Jihad is the fight one's self against temptations. It also means "holy war."

  33. Jinn - Supernatural, invisible beings race of beings, below angels.  They were made from fire. Like humans, there amongst them are the faithful and the non beleivers and Jinn shall be judged on Judgment Day.

  34. Ka'aba: A cube shaped building in Mecca containing a stone laid there by Abraham and Ishmael. Some say Ka'aba was first built by Adam, and some say by Abraham. It is the holiest place for Muslims. It is where all Muslims face in their daily prayers. Ka'aba also makes a major part of the pilgrimage in a ritual known as Tawaf.

  35. Khalifa: is the Muslim ruler. Head of the Islamic empire. Exact translation: "Successor".

  36. Khutbah  - A sermon given in a Mosque, usually on Friday.

  37. Kufr - Denial or Disbelief. A term Muslims use for anyone who denies existence of Allah or the prophecy of Muhammed.

  38. Koran - Also spelled Qur'an.  The holy book of Islam revealed to Muhammad by Allah through the Archangel Gabriel.  Koran literally means "the recital."  It is the final revelation of Allah given to the prophet Muhammad. It consists of 114 surahs (or chapters.)

  39. Madinah - (Medinah): A city in the Arabian peninsula (in the country known now as Saudi Arabia). A city where the messenger had to immigrate to. Then it was called Yathrib.

  40. Masjid - A center for Muslim activity.  It is referred to as a mosque.

  41. Masiah - A sin, or a sinful act

  42. Mecca or Makkah: is the holiest city for Muslims. It contains the Ka'aba mosque with the famous black cubical shape. Mecca is the birth place of the messenger (PPBU).

  43. Mosque - A Muslim house of worship.

  44. Muhajir - (Muhajireen) Immigrant, one who leaves his home town due to lack of religious freedom. It was first used to describe early Muslims immigrating from Mecca to Median and Ethiopia.

  45. Muhammad - the final messenger and prophet of God whose message abrogated all previous revelations.  He received the Koran through the angel Gabriel over a 23 year period. Born in Mecca and died in Medina at the age of 63. His full name: Muhammad ibn Abd-Allah

  46. Muslim - One who holds faith to the religion of Islam.

  47. Nafilah: a voluntary prayer other than the five obligatory prayers; performed at any time.
  48. Nasara - Christians.  Nasrani: A Christian individual. Nasraniah: Christianity.

  49. Ommah: is the Arabic word for a nation. It usually refers to the Islamic nation unless otherwise specified.

  50. Paradise - Another word for heaven.  A garden of bliss, fruits, rivers and all forms of pleasures imaginable and imaginable. No suffering, disease or death. Service is provided by angels. All live  in it an ever lasting youthful life. Promised by Almighty Allah to all faithful, true Jews, true Christians and True Muslims. Paradise is one of two places every person will go to, either Paradise or Hellfire.

  51. PPBU (P.B.U.H.) : Peace and Prayers Be Upon him. A statement Muslims use any time they mention the name of the messenger or make a reference to him.
  52. Qadar - Fate. Preordainment is the teaching that all things, good and bad, are preordained to occur.

  53. Qadr - (night of Qadr): The night when the first revelation of the Koran took place. Most likely it happened during one of the last ten nights of the month of Ramadan. Or when the Koran was brought down to the nearest heaven in one go, and from there it was brought down in bits and few verses at a time over a period of 23 years. This night is considered the holiest night for Muslims with tremendous advantages.
  54. Qibla - The direction which Muslims turn for daily prayers, towards Mecca.

  55. Quraish - An ancient Arab tribe to which the messenger Muhammad belonged.

  56. Ramadan - The ninth month of the Islamic calendar which is the month of the fast. The holiest month in the Muslim colander.

  57. Salat - Prayers. Generally it covers all forms of worship, but more specifically refers to the Muslim rituals which is performed to worship Allah five times daily.

  58. Shiaa: A sect of Islam that teaches that a religion leader (Imam) should be the political ruler and must be direct descendants of the messenger (PPBU). Therefore, disapproving of all Muslim leaders who ruled After the messenger (PPBU) except Ali, the messenger's grandson.

  59. Shirk - Associating another god with Allah.  Or associating anyone or anything with Allah. Or using anyone or anything as a medium to Allah. The opposite of Monotheism or Tawheed.  

  60. Siam  or Soam- Fasting

  61. Sunni: is a the title of  those Muslims who are suppose to be following the life style of the messenger. This differentiates them from the Shiaa of Iran.

  62. Sunna (Sunnah): Is how the Messenger PPBU lived, what he did or said. It includes the way he dressed, ate, drank, prayed, interacted with other people and fought. Basically, sunnah is the life style of the messenger PPBU. It is considered the second source of legislation in Islamic laws and it is considered to be an important reference to be used for concluding arguments and disputes. It is also a title give to the main stream Muslims who make 90% if all Muslims.

  63. Surah - A chapter of the Koran.  

  64. Tawaf: part of the pilgrimage (Hajj) ritual. It involves walking round the Ka'aba Mosque in anti-clock wise direction a number of seven circles.

  65. Tauhid - Tawheed - Monotheism, in Islam is the teaching that there is only one God who alone is worthy of worship. The first requirement of becoming a Muslim. It is included in the testimony of faith for new Muslims when declaring that God is one: (No God but Allah)

  66. Taqwah - Proper fear and veneration of Allah.  A divine spark that enables the person to understand God.

  67. Taurat: The old Testaments and scriptures of Mosa.

  68. Ummah - the word means: a Nation. Usually refers to the Islamic nation unless otherwise stated.

  69. Umrah - (Amrah): A mini hajj. A Minor form of pilgrimage to Mecca. Unlike Hajj which can only be done on the 12th month of the Islamic year, Umrah can be performed at any time.

  70. Wathoo (wadoo): a washing up ritual done by Muslims before each of the five daily prayers known as ablution.

  71. Zaboor - The Psalms

  72. Zakat - The third pillar of Islam.  Alms giving, charity that is given to the poor.

 


Faheem Bukhatwa, my email address is : faheemfb@gmail.com