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In the name of Allah most gracious most merciful.

Eid Al-Adha  (1434h - 2013ac)

 

Written by:       Sk. Abd-Razzag Taher Farih

Translated by: Dr. Faheem Bukhatwa

 

10 Thul-Hejja 1434h

15 Ooctober 2013ac

 

 

Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, all thanks be to Allah.

I advise all you people, and myself included, to be God fearing, and to glorify His rituals, for Allah has said: {And whoso magnifies the offerings consecrated to Allah, it surely is from devotion of the hearts} 22:32.

Dear Muslims, Today, you are living a noble day, and a great Eid. Today is the greater day of Hajj, the greatest day with Allah as stated by the messenger ppbu. It is the day of slaughter, the last of the ten recognised days. Today is followed by three counted days; they are days of eating, drinking and remembering of Allah. The messenger ppbu said: {The greatest day of all with Allah is the day of slaughter then the day of rest (in Muzdalafa after Hajj)}. The messenger ppbu also said: {Day of Eid el-Fitr, and the day of slaughter, and the days of Tashreequ (the next three days) are our Eids; us the people of Islam. And they are days of eating and drinking}.

Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, all thanks be to Allah.

Dear Muslims, on this great day, and on days of Tashreequ that follows it, Muslims combine remembering Allah through prayers, glorifying, praising and giving thanks to Allah. They combine that with getting closer to Allah through slaughtering sacrifices and remembering His name at the slaughter. The messenger ppbu said: {The first thing we start with on this day of ours is to pray, then we return and do the slaughter. This who does this then they have achieved our sunnah. This who slaughters before we pray then it is just an early meat he got his folks and does not achieve our sunnah. Days of Tashreequ are days of eating and drinking}. The messenger ppbu commanded us to pray and to slaughter as a way of giving thanks to Allah for the most noble of gifts and the best advantage Allah has singled out the messenger with. Allah says:

{We have given you Al-Kawthar; (1) So pray unto your Lord, and slaughter a sacrifice. (2) Lo! it is your insulter (and not you) who is without posterity. (3)} 108:1-3.

Therefore, the greatest thanks a Muslim can give to his Lord for all the mercies and virtues God blessed him with is to do deeds of obedience, and to get closer to Him with what He loves. Allah says: {Give thanks, O people of David! Few of My slaves are thankful.} 34:13.

Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, all thanks be to Allah.

Dear Muslims, Muslims are always keen during each of the seasons of goodness to get sustenance for their next life through good deeds. They try to follow its multiple routs, and take a bit of goodness from each. Between prayers, fasting, hajj and umrah, slaughtering and giving charity, and reciting of Quran, and supplication and remembering of Allah, and glorification and praising of Allah and giving thanks to Him. You would see that they tend to do as much as they can of those good deeds, and they try to perfect the deeds; because they know the grace that has, and their faith in the reward. That is a great deed and a required keenness, and certainly a rewarded deed, and seeking after the grace of Allah. Yet, there is an important point which slips the minds of many of us despite the fact that it is the heart, the foundation and base of any deed. That is the righteousness and purification of the heart, clearing and purification of the soul. There are those who work hard and do all they can, and who are keen to take advantage of all those wonderful rewarding times with good deeds, then; they fail to get the ultimate benefit expected from their deed, and they fail to reach their ultimate target. And it is for certain; Allah never rejects a slave who comes to Him; or turn away a slave who is getting closer to Him. Allah says: {remember me, and I shall remember you}. And in the Hadeeth Qudsi Allah says: {I am as My servant thinks of Me. I am with him when he remembers Me. If he mentions Me within himself, I mention him within Myself. If he mentions Me in an assembly, I mention him in a better assembly. If he comes near to Me a hand span, I come near to him an arms length. If he comes near to Me the distance of an arms length, I come near to him the distance of two outspread arms. If he comes to Me walking, I come to him running}.

Righteousness of the hearts and purification of the souls is a great thing to seek after and a big duty many Muslims have overlooked; yet it is the track upon which deeds turn good or bad. It is a big mistake and great ignorance, and a misunderstanding and lack of knowledge with ones religion for a slave to ignore his/her heart despite the fact that heart is the point where Allah looks at in a slave. The mistake is to concentrate at fixing other visible organs which Allah does not look and leave the heart empty, bad and in a miserable state. The messenger ppbu said: {Allah does not look at your images or your riches but He looks at your hearts and your deeds}.

Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, all thanks be to Allah.

Be God fearing as He ought to be feared. Obey Him and satisfy Him. Some of the greater sins spread in our society today; which come between the slave and the mercy from Allah, and causes deeds not to be accepted. Such sin is: breaking up links with blood relatives, and deserting your brothers and folks. That is a problem which blinds the eyes, closes the ears, blocks away the heart and destroys society and the land. Allah addressed the relationship between relatives by saying: {would you be satisfied if I keep a link with this who keeps a link with you, and break up with whom will break up with you}.

The messenger ppbu said: {Doors of paradise open on Mondays and Thursdays, during which sins are forgiven for a slave who does not associate anything with Allah; except for a man who has a disagreement with a brother of his. It is said: give those two a chance until they make peace or reconcile}.

Dear Muslims

Its a waste for a person to do good deeds for years then the deeds are not accepted and not elevated; because he had ill-treated his mother or broke relationship with his sister or brother. The messenger ppbu said: {It is not permissible for a Muslim to have a conflict and break up with his brother for more than three nights. They both meet; and each rejects each other. The better of them is the one who starts the peace}.

 

 

 

 

Notes:

  1. Adhan - The call to prayer.

  2. Ahmad (Ahmed)- Another name for the messenger Muhammad (PPBU).

  3. Allah - The Arabic word for "god."  It is often used as a name for God in Islam.

  4. Ansar (or Al-Ansar): The inhabitants of the city of Al-Medina that received and supported the messenger (PPBU) when he immigrated from Mekkah in the very early years of Islam.

  5. Assalam Alaikum - The Islamic greeting, literately means: Peace be with you. Used when approaching or leaving. When used during approaching it will be like saying: I bring no harm to you . and when said during leaving somebody it will mean: No harm will come to you after I leave.

  6. Aya (or Ayah): is a verse of the Koran. It also means a miracle or a sign from God.

  7. Arafa (or Arafah or Arafat): is a mountain outside the city of Mecca that represents the climax of the Hajj worship. All doing Hajj must stay at this location on the same day.

  8. Badr - The place of the first significant battle between the Muslims and the pagans of the Quraish. It is located in Saudi Arabia.  

  9. Caliph - A Muslim ruler. See: (Khalifa) 

  10. Dajjal - Antichrist or the False Massiah.

  11. Dawah - The proliferation of Islamic teachings through word and deed.  

  12. Deen (Din) - Religion or way of life. 

  13. Duaa: a prayer in the form of talking to Allah; praising him and asking him for help.

  14. Fatwa - Legal verdict given based on the Qur'an (Koran) and the Sunnah which are the recorded sayings and deeds of Muhammad.

  15. Ferdose: is the highest level of the all the gardens of Eden or paradise.

  16. Fiqh - Religious law.

  17. Hadeeth: is something reported that the messenger have said. It includes all the speeches and ceremonies he gave. It is usually narrated or told by one of his companions. There is a list of hadeeths approximately 14000 that are reported and checked to be genuine. No more hadeeths are acceptably added to this list.

  18. Hajar - The Black Stone set into the corner of the Ka'aba in Mecca. It is said to be a stone from Heaven.

  19. Hajj - The pilgrimage to Mecca which takes place in the last month of the Islamic calendar.  One of the five pillars of Islam.

  20. Hasana or hasanas: is the reward for a good deed. a hasana is a point or a merit for a good deed.

  21. Hadith - The sayings and not deeds of the prophet Muhammad recorded by his followers.  Considered authoritative and perfect.

  22. Hajj: is the worship of pilgrimage.

  23. Hijra (or Hejrah): the event of the immigration of the messenger from Mekkah to Madina. This event marks the start of the Islamic calendar. the Islamic calendar has 12 months based on the lunar cycle, each is 29.5 days. Hijra is also used as a name for the Islamic dating system.

  24. Ibadah - Worship. All the words and deeds with which Allah is pleased. These deeds could be prayer and charity.

  25. Iblis - (Ibleese): On of Satan's names.

  26. Ibn (Ebn): the son of. Used by Arabs as part of an individual's name. Example: Ali whose father is Omar or the son of Omar, would be called: Ali Ibn Omar.

  27. Imam (or Emam)- The leader for a prayer. In the Shiaa sect, an Imam is the individual who has the religious authority.  

  28. Iman: belief or faith

  29. Injil (Enjeel) - The Bible. The book inspired to Jesus for the Christians.

  30. Islam - Submission, the religion of all the prophets of Allah culminating in Muhammad.

  31. Jannah - The heavenly garden, Paradise.  The place of the faithful in the afterlife.

  32. Jihad: is striving in the line of Allah in many forms. Includes a very wide scope varying from improving oneself to fighting a defensive war in protection of Allah's word. The greatest Jihad is the fight one's self against temptations. It also means "holy war."

  33. Jinn - Supernatural, invisible beings race of beings, below angels.  They were made from fire. Like humans, there amongst them are the faithful and the non beleivers and Jinn shall be judged on Judgment Day.

  34. Ka'aba: A cube shaped building in Mecca containing a stone laid there by Abraham and Ishmael. Some say Ka'aba was first built by Adam, and some say by Abraham. It is the holiest place for Muslims. It is where all Muslims face in their daily prayers. Ka'aba also makes a major part of the pilgrimage in a ritual known as Tawaf.

  35. Khalifa: is the Muslim ruler. Head of the Islamic empire. Exact translation: "Successor".

  36. Khutbah  - A sermon given in a Mosque, usually on Friday.

  37. Kufr - Denial or Disbelief. A term Muslims use for anyone who denies existence of Allah or the prophecy of Muhammed.

  38. Koran - Also spelled Qur'an.  The holy book of Islam revealed to Muhammad by Allah through the Archangel Gabriel.  Koran literally means "the recital."  It is the final revelation of Allah given to the prophet Muhammad. It consists of 114 surahs (or chapters.)

  39. Madinah - (Medinah): A city in the Arabian peninsula (in the country known now as Saudi Arabia). A city where the messenger had to immigrate to. Then it was called Yathrib.

  40. Masjid - A center for Muslim activity.  It is referred to as a mosque.

  41. Masiah - A sin, or a sinful act

  42. Mecca or Makkah: is the holiest city for Muslims. It contains the Ka'aba mosque with the famous black cubical shape. Mecca is the birth place of the messenger (PPBU).

  43. Mosque - A Muslim house of worship.

  44. Muhajir - (Muhajireen) Immigrant, one who leaves his home town due to lack of religious freedom. It was first used to describe early Muslims immigrating from Mecca to Median and Ethiopia.

  45. Muhammad - the final messenger and prophet of God whose message abrogated all previous revelations.  He received the Koran through the angel Gabriel over a 23 year period. Born in Mecca and died in Medina at the age of 63. His full name: Muhammad ibn Abd-Allah

  46. Muslim - One who holds faith to the religion of Islam.

  47. Nafilah: a voluntary prayer other than the five obligatory prayers; performed at any time.
  48. Nasara - Christians.  Nasrani: A Christian individual. Nasraniah: Christianity.

  49. Ommah: is the Arabic word for a nation. It usually refers to the Islamic nation unless otherwise specified.

  50. Paradise - Another word for heaven.  A garden of bliss, fruits, rivers and all forms of pleasures imaginable and imaginable. No suffering, disease or death. Service is provided by angels. All live  in it an ever lasting youthful life. Promised by Almighty Allah to all faithful, true Jews, true Christians and True Muslims. Paradise is one of two places every person will go to, either Paradise or Hellfire.

  51. PPBU (P.B.U.H.) : Peace and Prayers Be Upon him. A statement Muslims use any time they mention the name of the messenger or make a reference to him.
  52. Qadar - Fate. Preordainment is the teaching that all things, good and bad, are preordained to occur.

  53. Qadr - (night of Qadr): The night when the first revelation of the Koran took place. Most likely it happened during one of the last ten nights of the month of Ramadan. Or when the Koran was brought down to the nearest heaven in one go, and from there it was brought down in bits and few verses at a time over a period of 23 years. This night is considered the holiest night for Muslims with tremendous advantages.
  54. Qibla - The direction which Muslims turn for daily prayers, towards Mecca.

  55. Quraish - An ancient Arab tribe to which the messenger Muhammad belonged.

  56. Ramadan - The ninth month of the Islamic calendar which is the month of the fast. The holiest month in the Muslim colander.

  57. Salat - Prayers. Generally it covers all forms of worship, but more specifically refers to the Muslim rituals which is performed to worship Allah five times daily.

  58. Shiaa: A sect of Islam that teaches that a religion leader (Imam) should be the political ruler and must be direct descendants of the messenger (PPBU). Therefore, disapproving of all Muslim leaders who ruled After the messenger (PPBU) except Ali, the messenger's grandson.

  59. Shirk - Associating another god with Allah.  Or associating anyone or anything with Allah. Or using anyone or anything as a medium to Allah. The opposite of Monotheism or Tawheed.  

  60. Siam  or Soam- Fasting

  61. Sunni: is a the title of  those Muslims who are suppose to be following the life style of the messenger. This differentiates them from the Shiaa of Iran.

  62. Sunna (Sunnah): Is how the Messenger PPBU lived, what he did or said. It includes the way he dressed, ate, drank, prayed, interacted with other people and fought. Basically, sunnah is the life style of the messenger PPBU. It is considered the second source of legislation in Islamic laws and it is considered to be an important reference to be used for concluding arguments and disputes. It is also a title give to the main stream Muslims who make 90% if all Muslims.

  63. Surah - A chapter of the Koran.  

  64. Tawaf: part of the pilgrimage (Hajj) ritual. It involves walking round the Ka'aba Mosque in anti-clock wise direction a number of seven circles.

  65. Tauhid - Tawheed - Monotheism, in Islam is the teaching that there is only one God who alone is worthy of worship. The first requirement of becoming a Muslim. It is included in the testimony of faith for new Muslims when declaring that God is one: (No God but Allah)

  66. Taqwah - Proper fear and veneration of Allah.  A divine spark that enables the person to understand God.

  67. Taurat: The old Testaments and scriptures of Mosa.

  68. Ummah - the word means: a Nation. Usually refers to the Islamic nation unless otherwise stated.

  69. Umrah - (Amrah): A mini hajj. A Minor form of pilgrimage to Mecca. Unlike Hajj which can only be done on the 12th month of the Islamic year, Umrah can be performed at any time.

  70. Wathoo (wadoo): a washing up ritual done by Muslims before each of the five daily prayers known as ablution.

  71. Zaboor - The Psalms

  72. Zakat - The third pillar of Islam.  Alms giving, charity that is given to the poor.

 


Faheem Bukhatwa, my email address is : faheemfb@gmail.com