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In the name of Allah most gracious most merciful. 

Eid El-Fitr Kuthah (2008 ac)

 

Written by:  Sk Younis Ali

Translated by: Dr. Faheem Bukhatwa

 

 

Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah is the greatest, No god but Allah, Allah Akbar, and thanks be to Allah.

Allah gave us the best book, and bestowed us with the best prophet (PPBU); He made His mercies to us complete with this religion, the Muslim faith.

Yea people, this day is a feast (eid) day for us Muslims. In Islam our feasts are but a worship legitimized by Allah, and His prophet (PPBU) conveyed it us. For us the feasts are two: Eid el-Fitr which comes after the fasting worship and complements it. Fasting is being the third pillar of Islam. And eid Al-Adha sacrifice which comes after the worship of Hajj and complements it. Hajj is being the fourth pillar of Islam. When the prophet (PPBU) came to Madina they had two days during which they played. He said {Allah has replaced for you two better days, they day of Fitr and the day of Adha}. Allah has replaced for this nation the two days of amusement and distraction with two days of remembering and thanking Allah and forgiveness and absolution.

Dear beloved, the beloved prophet (PPBU), in the Eid talk he used to give commandments that were so noble in its meaning. Yet, the talk was so powerful and of wide scope, far reaching, of eloquent lessons and morals, so truthful and purely for advice. The first advice

Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar,

Dear beloved, I would give you a word of advice from Allah,  He says:{yea believers, be God-fearing truthfully, and only die as Muslims} and he also said: {Yea believers, be god fearing, and let each soul look at what it did for tomorrow, and be god-fearing, For Allah is so aware with you do}.

He also said: {O' People, be god fearing, and do your five prayers, and fast your month, and give charity for your earnings, and obey when you are commanded, you shall enter paradise.}

The prophet (PPBU) said :{ where ever you happen to be, be god- fearing. And each sin you make, follow it up with a good deed it will wipe it off. And treat people in the best of manners}

God-fearing means fear from Allah, living by the book, content with the little and getting ready for the day of departure..

Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, No god but Allah, Allah Akbar, and thanks be to Allah.

The messenger (PPBU) said: {when Eid Fitr approaches, angels descend down to earth, they stand top of the roads calling with a voice which can be heard by all creatures of Allah except the Jinn and man-kind, they say: yea the nation of Mohammad, come on out to a generous Lord who gives in abundance, and forgives the great sin. And when people assemble to the place of prayer, Allah says to his angles: The messenger (PPBU) said: {Your have some obligation towards your God, and you have an obligation towards your body, and you have an obligation towards your spouse, and you have an obligation towards your heart}. Have fun on Eid day, bring joy to your families, children and brethrens.

Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, No god but Allah, Allah Akbar, and thanks be to Allah.

The Eid has a Godly meaning and a human meaning. The Godly meaning manifests by relating Eids with Islamic worships. For Eid also contains, prayers, praising of Allah, Glorifying Him, and making thanks to Him.

The human meaning manifests its self in that a human is not to forget about his brother or sister. An individual is not to be joyful in isolation; and not to be selfish, it is not in Islam for an individual to fill his stomach with food, and have a mouth full of laughter, and sleep fills his eyes, and puts on his dining table the best of food and drink while people round him don't have food. It is for this reason the Eid-al-Fitr charity is established. So an individual can cause relief to his neighbours, friends and the poor round him/her. People are not to live in isolation but must cooperate and be united in solidarity.

Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, No god but Allah, Allah Akbar, and thanks be to Allah.

Eid has numerous benefits in faith, in worship, in Islamic law, and benefits in human society, and benefits in this life and the life after.

About the benefits in Faith: The Eid regulations repeats the singularity of Allah for the slaves. And the obligation of Allah towards his creations. For the worship can only be to God. And this Eid contains supplication (duaa), glorifying loving, submission and the following of the guidance. All this is done with pure intentions for Allah. 

While the benefits of Eid for Worship: is shown in that the spirit of the Eid reflects the worship of God. For in Eid one becomes humble towards Allah. And worship its self is centered on love, fear and humility or humbleness.

While the benefits for the Islamic law is apparent in the way the obligations and rituals are clearly seen, and the teachings of Islam are announced. Its basis is viewing a visual phenomenon. Its limits are announced, and its rules and regulations are published, and its nature is world wide. And because of this self strength; each day it gets clearer, and spreads wider and it is fixed more solidly. It is as high as the sun, yet as close as its rays are. Thanks be to Allah for making us Muslims and believers.

While the benefits of Eid socially are apparent in the feeling of closeness between Muslims; and disappearance of feelings of animosities, bitterness and grudges. On the contrary, better feelings, visits, kindness and ending to breakups and feuds.  The messenger (PPBU) said : {the believers, they way their lover, feelings, and kindness is like the body whenever one organ suffers, the entire body attend to it with fever and sleeplessness.}

Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, No god but Allah, Allah Akbar, and thanks be to Allah.

Slaves of Allah, the prayers, the prayers. Prayers are the main column of Islam. It keeps you off the bad and monstrous acts and sins. Keep it up in Allahs houses in congregations. For the first thing a slave is judged for in the Day of Judgment is the prayer. If is accepted all other acts and deeds are accepted. And if it was rejected all other acts are rejected.

And pay your zakah or charity with good feelings. This who does will receive blessings to his riches and money, and the good tidings to him/her with the good reward. While this who denies it then the blessings are removed off his money, and can look forward to a sever punishment.

And fast your month of fasting; and go for pilgrimage or Haj to Haram mosque; and you will enter paradise in peace. Remember that you must care for and treat well your parents and those of kin. Similarly take care of your wives and children, and servants and employees, and those in whom you are in charge. Give them their rights, and encourage and advice them to whats beneficial to them. And spare them what is harmful to them. Allah says:

{You believers, protect your selves and your families from a fire, which is fueled by people and rocks, guarded by tough and rough angels, who never disobey Allah whenever He commands them, and they do what they are commanded.} Tahreem/6.

The messenger said: {Each one of you is a carer, and each of you is responsible for what he is in charged with}

Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, No god but Allah, Allah Akbar, and thanks be to Allah.

O'Muslims, make sure you make no partners with Allah, either when you make a prayer, supplication or when you seek help and support. Whenever you make a sacrifice or a vow then make it to Allah alone. Never put any power of trust or dependency into any one or anything but into Allah. For this who does have partners with Allah in worship; Allah will prohibit him from entering paradise. Allah says: {whoever associate others with Allah, shall be forbidden form paradise, and his destiny shall be the fire. And those transgressors shall have no supporters} Ma-eda/72.

( ٱ ٱ ٱ ٱ ٰ ) [:72].

O' Muslims, Never kill a soul which Allah has made prohibited. The messenger said: {A Muslim is still with plenty of room to maneuver within his religion as long as he/she does not kill a prohibited blood}

O' Muslims do not deal in usury or interests in money loans. That brings the anger of God. It destroys the blessings off your money and your lives. Allah says: {you who have faith, fear Allah and give up whats left of usury if you are true believers. If you do not then be warned by war by Allah and His messenger} 2-278/279.

(ٰ ٱ ٱ ٱ ٱٰ * ٱ ) [:278 279].

The messenger of Allah (PPBU) said: {Reba or Usury has seventy odd doors, The easiest of them is like having intercourse with ones mother).

Also do not go near adultery, for it is shame and hell fire. Allah says: {and do not go near adultery, it is a wrongful act and an evil route} Esraa-32.

 ( ٱٰ ) [:32]

The messenger of Allah (PPBU) said: {No other sin is greater with Allah after taking partners with Allah; more than a man placing his semen into a sinful vulva).

Also do not do the act that the people of the prophet Loot did. Allah and His messenger curse not once but three times those who do.

Also, do not take all forms of drugs that affect your mind. They are course of destruction and necessitate the anger of God. It also turns a human into an animal who sees beauty as ugliness and sees ugliness as beauty. The messenger (PPBU) said: {Every thing that makes your drunk is illegal}

(( , )) .

Be warned of Muslims money and transgression against them.

Be warned of the moneys of orphans and the poor. That is certain destruction and loss of money, and a certain later punishment in hell fire.

Be warned of talking in bad about the innocent girls and women.

Be warned of back biting and of talk about others of what they do not like. Be it be true or false. It is a transgression against a Muslim, and a sin and takes away rewards of good deeds. Allah has made it Haram.

Be warned being boastful and arrogant and proud, and showing off and feeling greater than others.

O' Muslim women, fear Allah, and obey Allah and his messenger. Keep up your prayers, obey your husbands, protect their rights upon you, be good to the neighbours. And bring up well your children.

Do not show off what you have got, and over expose, or unnecessarily mix with men. Cover your selves with modesty and you shall be winners; and you shall enter paradise with the good ones, and Allah will be happy and contented with you.

The messenger (PPBU) said: {if a woman prays her five prayers, and fasts her month, and does not have sex out side the marriage, and obeyed her husband, she will be told: Select the door you like to enter paradise}. And Allah says:

((ٰ ٱ ٱٰ ٰ ٱ ٰ ٰ ٱ ٱ ٱ )) [:12]

Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, No god but Allah, Allah Akbar, and thanks be to Allah.

May Allah give us the blessings of the Quran. And may He make us benefit from its verses and contents. And may Allah make us benefit from the guidance of the messenger.

I ask Allah's forgiveness for all of us.

 

 

 

 

Notes:

  1. Adhan - The call to prayer.

  2. Ahmad (Ahmed)- Another name for the messenger Muhammad (PPBU).

  3. Allah - The Arabic word for "god."  It is often used as a name for God in Islam.

  4. Ansar (or Al-Ansar): The inhabitants of the city of Al-Medina that received and supported the messenger (PPBU) when he immigrated from Mekkah in the very early years of Islam.

  5. Assalam Alaikum - The Islamic greeting, literately means: Peace be with you. Used when approaching or leaving. When used during approaching it will be like saying: I bring no harm to you . and when said during leaving somebody it will mean: No harm will come to you after I leave.

  6. Aya (or Ayah): is a verse of the Koran. It also means a miracle or a sign from God.

  7. Arafa (or Arafah or Arafat): is a mountain outside the city of Mecca that represents the climax of the Hajj worship. All doing Hajj must stay at this location on the same day.

  8. Badr - The place of the first significant battle between the Muslims and the pagans of the Quraish. It is located in Saudi Arabia.  

  9. Caliph - A Muslim ruler. See: (Khalifa) 

  10. Dajjal - Antichrist or the False Massiah.

  11. Dawah - The proliferation of Islamic teachings through word and deed.  

  12. Deen (Din) - Religion or way of life. 

  13. Duaa: a prayer in the form of talking to Allah; praising him and asking him for help.

  14. Fatwa - Legal verdict given based on the Qur'an (Koran) and the Sunnah which are the recorded sayings and deeds of Muhammad.

  15. Ferdose: is the highest level of the all the gardens of Eden or paradise.

  16. Fiqh - Religious law.

  17. Hadeeth: is something reported that the messenger have said. It includes all the speeches and ceremonies he gave. It is usually narrated or told by one of his companions. There is a list of hadeeths approximately 14000 that are reported and checked to be genuine. No more hadeeths are acceptably added to this list.

  18. Hajar - The Black Stone set into the corner of the Ka'aba in Mecca. It is said to be a stone from Heaven.

  19. Hajj - The pilgrimage to Mecca which takes place in the last month of the Islamic calendar.  One of the five pillars of Islam.

  20. Hasana or hasanas: is the reward for a good deed. a hasana is a point or a merit for a good deed.

  21. Hadith - The sayings and not deeds of the prophet Muhammad recorded by his followers.  Considered authoritative and perfect.

  22. Hajj: is the worship of pilgrimage.

  23. Hijra (or Hejrah): the event of the immigration of the messenger from Mekkah to Madina. This event marks the start of the Islamic calendar. the Islamic calendar has 12 months based on the lunar cycle, each is 29.5 days. Hijra is also used as a name for the Islamic dating system.

  24. Ibadah - Worship. All the words and deeds with which Allah is pleased. These deeds could be prayer and charity.

  25. Iblis - (Ibleese): On of Satan's names.

  26. Ibn (Ebn): the son of. Used by Arabs as part of an individual's name. Example: Ali whose father is Omar or the son of Omar, would be called: Ali Ibn Omar.

  27. Imam (or Emam)- The leader for a prayer. In the Shiaa sect, an Imam is the individual who has the religious authority.  

  28. Iman: belief or faith

  29. Injil (Enjeel) - The Bible. The book inspired to Jesus for the Christians.

  30. Islam - Submission, the religion of all the prophets of Allah culminating in Muhammad.

  31. Jannah - The heavenly garden, Paradise.  The place of the faithful in the afterlife.

  32. Jihad: is striving in the line of Allah in many forms. Includes a very wide scope varying from improving oneself to fighting a defensive war in protection of Allah's word. The greatest Jihad is the fight one's self against temptations. It also means "holy war."

  33. Jinn - Supernatural, invisible beings race of beings, below angels.  They were made from fire. Like humans, there amongst them are the faithful and the non beleivers and Jinn shall be judged on Judgment Day.

  34. Ka'aba: A cube shaped building in Mecca containing a stone laid there by Abraham and Ishmael. Some say Ka'aba was first built by Adam, and some say by Abraham. It is the holiest place for Muslims. It is where all Muslims face in their daily prayers. Ka'aba also makes a major part of the pilgrimage in a ritual known as Tawaf.

  35. Khalifa: is the Muslim ruler. Head of the Islamic empire. Exact translation: "Successor".

  36. Khutbah  - A sermon given in a Mosque, usually on Friday.

  37. Kufr - Denial or Disbelief. A term Muslims use for anyone who denies existence of Allah or the prophecy of Muhammed.

  38. Koran - Also spelled Qur'an.  The holy book of Islam revealed to Muhammad by Allah through the Archangel Gabriel.  Koran literally means "the recital."  It is the final revelation of Allah given to the prophet Muhammad. It consists of 114 surahs (or chapters.)

  39. Madinah - (Medinah): A city in the Arabian peninsula (in the country known now as Saudi Arabia). A city where the messenger had to immigrate to. Then it was called Yathrib.

  40. Masjid - A center for Muslim activity.  It is referred to as a mosque.

  41. Masiah - A sin, or a sinful act

  42. Mecca or Makkah: is the holiest city for Muslims. It contains the Ka'aba mosque with the famous black cubical shape. Mecca is the birth place of the messenger (PPBU).

  43. Mosque - A Muslim house of worship.

  44. Muhajir - (Muhajireen) Immigrant, one who leaves his home town due to lack of religious freedom. It was first used to describe early Muslims immigrating from Mecca to Median and Ethiopia.

  45. Muhammad - the final messenger and prophet of God whose message abrogated all previous revelations.  He received the Koran through the angel Gabriel over a 23 year period. Born in Mecca and died in Medina at the age of 63. His full name: Muhammad ibn Abd-Allah

  46. Muslim - One who holds faith to the religion of Islam.

  47. Nafilah: a voluntary prayer other than the five obligatory prayers; performed at any time.
  48. Nasara - Christians.  Nasrani: A Christian individual. Nasraniah: Christianity.

  49. Ommah: is the Arabic word for a nation. It usually refers to the Islamic nation unless otherwise specified.

  50. Paradise - Another word for heaven.  A garden of bliss, fruits, rivers and all forms of pleasures imaginable and imaginable. No suffering, disease or death. Service is provided by angels. All live  in it an ever lasting youthful life. Promised by Almighty Allah to all faithful, true Jews, true Christians and True Muslims. Paradise is one of two places every person will go to, either Paradise or Hellfire.

  51. PPBU (P.B.U.H.) : Peace and Prayers Be Upon him. A statement Muslims use any time they mention the name of the messenger or make a reference to him.
  52. Qadar - Fate. Preordainment is the teaching that all things, good and bad, are preordained to occur.

  53. Qadr - (night of Qadr): The night when the first revelation of the Koran took place. Most likely it happened during one of the last ten nights of the month of Ramadan. Or when the Koran was brought down to the nearest heaven in one go, and from there it was brought down in bits and few verses at a time over a period of 23 years. This night is considered the holiest night for Muslims with tremendous advantages.
  54. Qibla - The direction which Muslims turn for daily prayers, towards Mecca.

  55. Quraish - An ancient Arab tribe to which the messenger Muhammad belonged.

  56. Ramadan - The ninth month of the Islamic calendar which is the month of the fast. The holiest month in the Muslim colander.

  57. Salat - Prayers. Generally it covers all forms of worship, but more specifically refers to the Muslim rituals which is performed to worship Allah five times daily.

  58. Shiaa: A sect of Islam that teaches that a religion leader (Imam) should be the political ruler and must be direct descendants of the messenger (PPBU). Therefore, disapproving of all Muslim leaders who ruled After the messenger (PPBU) except Ali, the messenger's grandson.

  59. Shirk - Associating another god with Allah.  Or associating anyone or anything with Allah. Or using anyone or anything as a medium to Allah. The opposite of Monotheism or Tawheed.  

  60. Siam  or Soam- Fasting

  61. Sunni: is a the title of  those Muslims who are suppose to be following the life style of the messenger. This differentiates them from the Shiaa of Iran.

  62. Sunna (Sunnah): Is how the Messenger PPBU lived, what he did or said. It includes the way he dressed, ate, drank, prayed, interacted with other people and fought. Basically, sunnah is the life style of the messenger PPBU. It is considered the second source of legislation in Islamic laws and it is considered to be an important reference to be used for concluding arguments and disputes. It is also a title give to the main stream Muslims who make 90% if all Muslims.

  63. Surah - A chapter of the Koran.  

  64. Tawaf: part of the pilgrimage (Hajj) ritual. It involves walking round the Ka'aba Mosque in anti-clock wise direction a number of seven circles.

  65. Tauhid - Tawheed - Monotheism, in Islam is the teaching that there is only one God who alone is worthy of worship. The first requirement of becoming a Muslim. It is included in the testimony of faith for new Muslims when declaring that God is one: (No God but Allah)

  66. Taqwah - Proper fear and veneration of Allah.  A divine spark that enables the person to understand God.

  67. Taurat: The old Testaments and scriptures of Mosa.

  68. Ummah - the word means: a Nation. Usually refers to the Islamic nation unless otherwise stated.

  69. Umrah - (Amrah): A mini hajj. A Minor form of pilgrimage to Mecca. Unlike Hajj which can only be done on the 12th month of the Islamic year, Umrah can be performed at any time.

  70. Wathoo (wadoo): a washing up ritual done by Muslims before each of the five daily prayers known as ablution.

  71. Zaboor - The Psalms

  72. Zakat - The third pillar of Islam.  Alms giving, charity that is given to the poor.

 


Faheem Bukhatwa, my email address is : faheemfb@gmail.com