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02

             
  
Ramadan Lessons

     


In the name of Allah most gracious most merciful.

The last ten days of Ramadan    

 

Written by: Abdurazzag Taher Farih                                                       

Translated by: Dr. Faheem Bukhatwa

 

Ramadan 1437

May/June 2016

 

As we approach the last third of Ramadan, I want to remind all you my brothers and sisters about the benefits and grace of the last ten days or nights of Ramadan. I ask the Almighty Allah to bless you and I with its grace, for He alone is to be sought and He is well capable to make it happen.

The messenger ppbu as reported by Aesha used to tighten up his belt or support, and used to liven up his night time with prayers and wake his family. And in another narration Aesha was reported saying that the messenger bpbu used to be real active, more than any other time.

Tightening up his belt is another way to indicate being real active in worship. Some scholars interpreted this as a reference indicating that he kept away from his wives. That is allocating all his time to worship, because he used to make himself Mosque bound (Etikaf) in the last tend days and nights of Ramadan.

Wake his family meaning so they will share with him this blessing. So they will not be forgetful or unaware of all the worship he is doing for Allah.

Livened up his nights meaning livened it up by doing prayers and remembering Allah and doing supplications (duaa).

The point here dearly beloved is that deeds of an individual are based on or taken by their endings, or final stage. And those ten nights are the ending of the month. We ask Allah to grant us the good ending in all matters. It is also because during those nights there is the night of Qadr which is to be expected and is to be sought after. This is the night which was given by Allah as a present or gift to this nation, as grace and blessings from Him.

 

What is the night of Qadr?

Dear respected brothers and sisters, the night of Qadr is a blessed night, and the night of fate and decree, and the night of sorting out matters, and the night of honour, and grace. It is a night when earth becomes so crowded with angels. Allah says in His Quran: {a night during which descending angels and the spirit down with the permission of their Lord regarding all matters}. Meaning, angels come down to earth in many shoals or groups, or wave after wave of angels. The messenger ppbu had already said: {angels do not descend at once in one group}. The messenger ppbu said: {the tally or number of angels on earth on this night is more than the number of pebbles or stones}.

The night of Qadr dearly beloved is given this name because angels during this night are so many angels that earth become over crowded with them. Praise be to Allah who wanted to honour, respect and dignify the monotheist people (who believe in one God), those who observe fasting and who do night prayers from the nation of Muhammad (master of all prophets, and the leader in prayer of all the worlds), honour them by having angels attend and be present during their wonderful spiritual celebration. Just think of, and contemplate the verses in the quran which says: { Ha. Mim. (1) By the book of clarity (2) We revealed it on a blessed night - We are ever warning - (3) Whereon every wise command is made clear (4) As a command from Our presence - Lo! We are ever sending - (5) }44:1-5.

Night of the Qadr is a blessed night, that it extracted its blessings from the holy Quran. That is because the Truth, the King, the Lord of the worlds, the Almighty sent down the Quran upon the heart of the messenger ppbu; on this night of Qadr, during one Ramadan. The first of many blessings of this night is that Allah gave it sanctity, and elevated its status by bringing down the Quran on this night. By the almighty, the Lord of the Kaaba, no one knows the true value of this night except those who know the true value of the Quran, and the majesty of the Quran, and the greatness of the Quran.

Quran is the source of happiness for humanity; not just the Muslim nation; in this life and the life next. This Quran guides to the most perfect life. This is true in all aspects such as faith, and in worship; legislation, and in morals, human interactions, mind and behaviour, in all aspects of life.

This night meaning the night of Qadr is the night on which the Almighty selects, defines and isolates from the preserved board the destinies of the slaves of matters like death and life, and sustenance and end of living. Ebn (son of) Abbas, may Allah be pleased with, said: Allah rites who goes to Hajj this year and who dies. So you may see a man going round trading in his business and yet his name has already been written in the death list for this year.

Dearly beloved, the night of Qadr is a night of honour and elevation and a night of higher status. Allah says: { We brought it down on the Night of Power. (1) What will convey unto you what the Night of Qadr is? (2) Night of Qadr is better than a thousand months. (3) The angels and the Spirit descend therein, by the permission of their Lord, with all decrees. (4)  The night is Peace up until the rise of dawn. (5) }97:1-5.

This is a night which is, time wise, is equivalent to 83 years and 4 months. Meaning that the reward of this who does night prayers (Quiam) of the night of Qadr, and the reward for this who is lucky for his or her Qiam is harmonised to match with the night of Qadr is the same reward as that to a person who devotes his entire time and effort to worship Allah for eighty three years and four months in full. Glad tidings to you who is attributed as a follower of Muhammed ppbu. Allah does not honour us except through Allah honouring of Mohammad. Allah does not dignify us except through Allah dignifying Muhammed. The entire did not deserve this level of dignity and this elevated status except through the honouring of the beloved Muhammad by Allah.

Dearly beloved, the prophet ppbu defined which night is the night of Qadr is. The messenger ppbu said: {Seek out or check out the night of Qadr in the last ten nights of the month of Ramadan}

In another narration the messenger ppbu said: {Seek out or check out the night of Qadr in the odd nights of the last ten nights}. The odd nights are the nights of 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th and 29th.

Some of the prophets companions reported that they had a dream and they saw the night of Qadr in the last seven nights of Ramadan. They told the messenger ppbu about what they saw, and he said: {I was shown the same vision as yours, and they synchronise or match. (meaning they all agreed about the last seven nights). If any of you wishes to seek it out, then let them seek it in the last seven of Ramadan}.

It was also reported that the messenger ppbu did Etikaf on the first ten nights, then did Etikaf on the middle ten nights, then he called his companions and said: {I have done Etikaf on the first ten nights in order to seek out the night of Qadr. Then I did Etikaf in the middle ten nights again seeking out the night of Qadr. But I was told it is in the last ten nights}.

In another report the messenger ppbu said: {I was shown the night of Qadr, then I was made to forget it, but seek it out in the odd nights of the last ten nights}. The messenger ppbu continued saying: {I was also shown (meaning had a dream) that I am to make sujood kneeling down in water and mud on the morning next of the night of Qadr.} Abi-Saad said so while they were in Etikaf inside the mosque, it rained that night. The roof of the mosque was made of branches which let through some of the rain water. Abi-Saad said that he saw on the messengers forehead and cheeks marks of the water and mud after sujood on the following morning. That morning was the morning after the 21st night of Ramadan. 

 

 

Notes:

  1. Adhan - The call to prayer.

  2. Ahmad (Ahmed)- Another name for the messenger Muhammad (PPBU).

  3. Allah - The Arabic word for "god."  It is often used as a name for God in Islam.

  4. Ansar (or Al-Ansar): The inhabitants of the city of Al-Medina that received and supported the messenger (PPBU) when he immigrated from Mekkah in the very early years of Islam.

  5. Assalam Alaikum - The Islamic greeting, literately means: Peace be with you. Used when approaching or leaving. When used during approaching it will be like saying: I bring no harm to you . and when said during leaving somebody it will mean: No harm will come to you after I leave.

  6. Aya (or Ayah): is a verse of the Koran. It also means a miracle or a sign from God.

  7. Arafa (or Arafah or Arafat): is a mountain outside the city of Mecca that represents the climax of the Hajj worship. All doing Hajj must stay at this location on the same day.

  8. Badr - The place of the first significant battle between the Muslims and the pagans of the Quraish. It is located in Saudi Arabia.  

  9. Caliph - A Muslim ruler. See: (Khalifa) 

  10. Dajjal - Antichrist or the False Massiah.

  11. Dawah - The proliferation of Islamic teachings through word and deed.  

  12. Deen (Din) - Religion or way of life. 

  13. Duaa: a prayer in the form of talking to Allah; praising him and asking him for help.

  14. Fatwa - Legal verdict given based on the Qur'an (Koran) and the Sunnah which are the recorded sayings and deeds of Muhammad.

  15. Ferdose: is the highest level of the all the gardens of Eden or paradise.

  16. Fiqh - Religious law.

  17. Hadeeth: is something reported that the messenger have said. It includes all the speeches and ceremonies he gave. It is usually narrated or told by one of his companions. There is a list of hadeeths approximately 14000 that are reported and checked to be genuine. No more hadeeths are acceptably added to this list.

  18. Hajar - The Black Stone set into the corner of the Ka'aba in Mecca. It is said to be a stone from Heaven.

  19. Hajj - The pilgrimage to Mecca which takes place in the last month of the Islamic calendar.  One of the five pillars of Islam.

  20. Hasana or hasanas: is the reward for a good deed. a hasana is a point or a merit for a good deed.

  21. Hadith - The sayings and not deeds of the prophet Muhammad recorded by his followers.  Considered authoritative and perfect.

  22. Hajj: is the worship of pilgrimage.

  23. Hijra (or Hejrah): the event of the immigration of the messenger from Mekkah to Madina. This event marks the start of the Islamic calendar. the Islamic calendar has 12 months based on the lunar cycle, each is 29.5 days. Hijra is also used as a name for the Islamic dating system.

  24. Ibadah - Worship. All the words and deeds with which Allah is pleased. These deeds could be prayer and charity.

  25. Iblis - (Ibleese): On of Satan's names.

  26. Ibn (Ebn): the son of. Used by Arabs as part of an individual's name. Example: Ali whose father is Omar or the son of Omar, would be called: Ali Ibn Omar.

  27. Imam (or Emam)- The leader for a prayer. In the Shiaa sect, an Imam is the individual who has the religious authority.  

  28. Iman: belief or faith

  29. Injil (Enjeel) - The Bible. The book inspired to Jesus for the Christians.

  30. Islam - Submission, the religion of all the prophets of Allah culminating in Muhammad.

  31. Jannah - The heavenly garden, Paradise.  The place of the faithful in the afterlife.

  32. Jihad: is striving in the line of Allah in many forms. Includes a very wide scope varying from improving oneself to fighting a defensive war in protection of Allah's word. The greatest Jihad is the fight one's self against temptations. It also means "holy war."

  33. Jinn - Supernatural, invisible beings race of beings, below angels.  They were made from fire. Like humans, there amongst them are the faithful and the non beleivers and Jinn shall be judged on Judgment Day.

  34. Ka'aba: A cube shaped building in Mecca containing a stone laid there by Abraham and Ishmael. Some say Ka'aba was first built by Adam, and some say by Abraham. It is the holiest place for Muslims. It is where all Muslims face in their daily prayers. Ka'aba also makes a major part of the pilgrimage in a ritual known as Tawaf.

  35. Khalifa: is the Muslim ruler. Head of the Islamic empire. Exact translation: "Successor".

  36. Khutbah  - A sermon given in a Mosque, usually on Friday.

  37. Kufr - Denial or Disbelief. A term Muslims use for anyone who denies existence of Allah or the prophecy of Muhammed.

  38. Koran - Also spelled Qur'an.  The holy book of Islam revealed to Muhammad by Allah through the Archangel Gabriel.  Koran literally means "the recital."  It is the final revelation of Allah given to the prophet Muhammad. It consists of 114 surahs (or chapters.)

  39. Madinah - (Medinah): A city in the Arabian peninsula (in the country known now as Saudi Arabia). A city where the messenger had to immigrate to. Then it was called Yathrib.

  40. Masjid - A center for Muslim activity.  It is referred to as a mosque.

  41. Masiah - A sin, or a sinful act

  42. Mecca or Makkah: is the holiest city for Muslims. It contains the Ka'aba mosque with the famous black cubical shape. Mecca is the birth place of the messenger (PPBU).

  43. Mosque - A Muslim house of worship.

  44. Muhajir - (Muhajireen) Immigrant, one who leaves his home town due to lack of religious freedom. It was first used to describe early Muslims immigrating from Mecca to Median and Ethiopia.

  45. Muhammad - the final messenger and prophet of God whose message abrogated all previous revelations.  He received the Koran through the angel Gabriel over a 23 year period. Born in Mecca and died in Medina at the age of 63. His full name: Muhammad ibn Abd-Allah

  46. Muslim - One who holds faith to the religion of Islam.

  47. Nafilah: a voluntary prayer other than the five obligatory prayers; performed at any time.
  48. Nasara - Christians.  Nasrani: A Christian individual. Nasraniah: Christianity.

  49. Ommah: is the Arabic word for a nation. It usually refers to the Islamic nation unless otherwise specified.

  50. Paradise - Another word for heaven.  A garden of bliss, fruits, rivers and all forms of pleasures imaginable and imaginable. No suffering, disease or death. Service is provided by angels. All live  in it an ever lasting youthful life. Promised by Almighty Allah to all faithful, true Jews, true Christians and True Muslims. Paradise is one of two places every person will go to, either Paradise or Hellfire.

  51. PPBU (P.B.U.H.) : Peace and Prayers Be Upon him. A statement Muslims use any time they mention the name of the messenger or make a reference to him.
  52. Qadar - Fate. Preordainment is the teaching that all things, good and bad, are preordained to occur.

  53. Qadr - (night of Qadr): The night when the first revelation of the Koran took place. Most likely it happened during one of the last ten nights of the month of Ramadan. Or when the Koran was brought down to the nearest heaven in one go, and from there it was brought down in bits and few verses at a time over a period of 23 years. This night is considered the holiest night for Muslims with tremendous advantages.
  54. Qibla - The direction which Muslims turn for daily prayers, towards Mecca.

  55. Quraish - An ancient Arab tribe to which the messenger Muhammad belonged.

  56. Ramadan - The ninth month of the Islamic calendar which is the month of the fast. The holiest month in the Muslim colander.

  57. Salat - Prayers. Generally it covers all forms of worship, but more specifically refers to the Muslim rituals which is performed to worship Allah five times daily.

  58. Shiaa: A sect of Islam that teaches that a religion leader (Imam) should be the political ruler and must be direct descendants of the messenger (PPBU). Therefore, disapproving of all Muslim leaders who ruled After the messenger (PPBU) except Ali, the messenger's grandson.

  59. Shirk - Associating another god with Allah.  Or associating anyone or anything with Allah. Or using anyone or anything as a medium to Allah. The opposite of Monotheism or Tawheed.  

  60. Siam  or Soam- Fasting

  61. Sunni: is a the title of  those Muslims who are suppose to be following the life style of the messenger. This differentiates them from the Shiaa of Iran.

  62. Sunna (Sunnah): Is how the Messenger PPBU lived, what he did or said. It includes the way he dressed, ate, drank, prayed, interacted with other people and fought. Basically, sunnah is the life style of the messenger PPBU. It is considered the second source of legislation in Islamic laws and it is considered to be an important reference to be used for concluding arguments and disputes. It is also a title give to the main stream Muslims who make 90% if all Muslims.

  63. Surah - A chapter of the Koran.  

  64. Tawaf: part of the pilgrimage (Hajj) ritual. It involves walking round the Ka'aba Mosque in anti-clock wise direction a number of seven circles.

  65. Tauhid - Tawheed - Monotheism, in Islam is the teaching that there is only one God who alone is worthy of worship. The first requirement of becoming a Muslim. It is included in the testimony of faith for new Muslims when declaring that God is one: (No God but Allah)

  66. Taqwah - Proper fear and veneration of Allah.  A divine spark that enables the person to understand God.

  67. Taurat: The old Testaments and scriptures of Mosa.

  68. Ummah - the word means: a Nation. Usually refers to the Islamic nation unless otherwise stated.

  69. Umrah - (Amrah): A mini hajj. A Minor form of pilgrimage to Mecca. Unlike Hajj which can only be done on the 12th month of the Islamic year, Umrah can be performed at any time.

  70. Wathoo (wadoo): a washing up ritual done by Muslims before each of the five daily prayers known as ablution.

  71. Zaboor - The Psalms

  72. Zakat - The third pillar of Islam.  Alms giving, charity that is given to the poor.

 


Faheem Bukhatwa, my email address is : faheemfb@gmail.com