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03

             
  
Ramadan Lessons

     


In the name of Allah most gracious most merciful.

Zakah (Alms)    

 

Written by: Abdurazzag Taher Farih                                                       

Translated by: Dr. Faheem Bukhatwa

 

Ramadan 1437

May/June 2016

 

Asr talk 03 - Zakah (or alms or donations)

Written by: Sk. Abdurazzag Taher Farih

Translated by: Dr. Faheem Bukhatwa

Ramadan 1437

June/July 2016

 

We are in the last few days of the last ten of Ramadan. There are very few days left; and we do not know whether the night of Qadr has passed or is still to come. Dearly beloved, take the opportunity, and stay away from evil and time wasting and distractions. For no one knows whether we will still be round for next Ramadan.

Dearly beloved, I see that it is absolutely necessary or even an obligation upon me and others like me who seek knowledge to remind the nation now. In those few remaining days left in this month of blessings, month of giving, generosity and kindness, it is an obligation to remind you with this topic of Zakah or alms.

What is Zakah and what are its conditions?

Zakah, strictly from a language point of view, it means growth, increase, purity and blessings. While from an Islamic point of view, Zakahis what a Muslim will give purely as a right of Allah, give to the poor and needy. Some scholars have defined Zakah as: an estimated share relevant to certain amount of money at a predefined time, spent or given to predefined beneficiaries

Zakah dear brothers and sisters is the third foundation of Islam and it is an obligation imposed by Allah upon every Muslim who is mature, sane, free and capable who has all the requirements for giving alms or donation. It is because not every sane and mature Muslim is capable of giving Zakah. There are those Muslims who deserve or rightfully are entitled to receive Zakah.

Status and benefits of Zakahor Elms

Did you know respected brothers and sisters that in order for Allah to show the greatness of Zakah, and the status of Zakah and the magnitude of Zakah, He associated Zakah with the ritual of prayer in eighty two verses (ayas) in the book of Quran.

Ebn-Abbas said: there are three verses (ayas) came down making association of three with three others. Allah (praise be to Him) does not accept one without its associate. Allah says: {Allah has declared that you worship no one but Him, and be kind to the parents}. So whoever worships Allah and is not kind to his parents then the worship would not be accepted from them. Allah also says: {do the prayer worship and bring out Zakah}. So this that does perform the prayer worship but does not handout Zakah then it would not be accepted of them. Therefore, Zakah is the associate or partner of prayers. It will not be right to do prayers but not do Zakah.

Allah made Zakah to be aimed for once the nations authority is established in the land. Allah says: {those whom if we granted them authority in the land they established prayers and gave Zakah}.

Allah also promised who gives Zakah safety and deliverance on the day of resurrection. Allah says: {those who had faith and did rightful deeds and established prayers and gave Zakah; then their reward with their Lord and they need to have no fear and no need to feel saddened}.

Allah Has decreed upon Himself to be merciful towards those who gave Zakah. Allah says: {My mercy covered everything, I will make it due to those who are God-fearing, and gave Zakah and those who have faith in our verses or miracles}.

Allah also promised purification, growth in wealth and blessings to those who give Zakah.

Prosperity is Allahs reward for those who give or donate to the poor slaves. Allah says: {Take from their wealth or money alms or charity which will purify and chastise or straitens then. And say prayers upon them, your prayers is calmness, tranquillity and repose for them. Allah hears all and knows everything}.

A man came to the messenger ppbu and said: guide me to a deed which I can do that will get me closer to paradise and will get me further away from hellfire. The messenger ppbu said: {Worship Allah alone and dont associate anything with Him, and do the prayers, and give Zakah (alms), and link up or make contact with your kin}

 

Refusing to pay Zakah

 

Dearly beloved in the sake of Allah, Quran has stiff warning against withholding Zakah and for defaulting in one of Allahs dues or rights. Many people do not give out alms or Zakah due on the wealth they have. Listen to what Allah says about them: {Those who accumulate and pile up gold and silver and do not spend it for the sake of Allah then give to them the promise of painful torture. That is the day when it shall be heated in the fire of hell and shall be used to cauterise or burn their foreheads and their sides and their backs. This is the wealth that you had accumulated. Well; get a taste of what you used to accumulate}. Listen to how the messenger ppbu had interpreted or explained this verse. The prophet ppbu said: {Anyone who owns a treasure and does not pay its alms or Zakah then he will be brought to the heat of hell fire. Sheet of fire provided for him that will burn his sides and forehead. This goes on or continues until the process of Allah passing judgement amongst all His slaves is completed. This happens in a day which is equivalent to 50 thousand years. Then his destiny will be viewed, either to paradise or to hellfire}. The messenger ppbu also said: {anyone who ones money (or riches) who does not pay its dues or Zakah then on the day of resurrection a male snake that lost all the hair it had as a sign of, or due to the severity of its poison, this snake will rap round him and hold him by the cheeks and says to him: I am your riches, I am your money}. The messenger ppbu went on to say: {recite if you wish the words of Allah which says: {Those who become stingy or miserly or unwilling to give from what Allah has given them out of His bounty and grace, let them not think that this is good for them. In fact it is evil for them. They shall be tightly surrounded or encircled with it on the day of resurrection. Allah shall inherit all the heavens and the earth}3:10}. Dearly beloved, what you donate is in reality what is being saved for you. What you spend in this life of your money in the sake of Allah is what shall remain for you.

Types of Alms or Zakah

1) Zakah for money (income tax!!):

 

Zakah for money or riches has two conditions before it becomes due for payment.

1)  The money owned must reach the quorum or some minimum amount. This is like a Zakah-free allowance. This limit or value is 84 grams of gold. Some scholars reduced it to 83 and others stated it was 81 grams. This means if the money that you have has that or more than the value of 84 (or 83) grams of gold.

2)  If length of time this money is in your possession has reached one lunar (or Hijri) year. For example from one Ramadan to the next.

 

So, if you had more money than the Zakah-free allowance, and if you had that money for a year then it is an obligation that you pay Zakah for this money.

The amount of Zakah to be paid is 2.5%. This means that for every 100 euros you should pay as zakah: 2.5 euros. Or, for every 1000 euros, you should pay 25 euros as zakah.

 

2) Fitr Zakah (End-of-fasting Alms):

 

Fitr donation or Zakah dear respected brothers and sisters is a compulsory obligation for every mature, sane, free, able and affording Muslim individual. Zakah must be paid by the carer or provider individual for or on behalf those persons cared or provided for. The messenger ppbu imposed that the value to be paid for Fitr Zakah is a measure known as (Saa3 ) or approximately 3 kilogram of dates, or barley for every slave or free, male or female, young or old, Muslim. The messenger ppbu in another narration commanded that Fitr Zakah is to be paid before Eid prayer and before people headed for Eid prayer. This in fact is the latest allowable time for giving Fitr zakah.

The wisdom of imposing this Fitr Zakah as explained by the scholars is that Fitr Zakah is a feed for the deprived poor, and purification for those who fasted, and a thanksgiving to Allah the Lord of the worlds.

 

Value of fitr zakah

The value that must be paid in Fitr Zakah as stated by scholars is a saa or the approximate amount of 3 kg from the same type or class of food for the people of the land. If their food was rice then it should be given out in rice, if their food was wheat then it should be given in wheat.

 

 

Notes:

  1. Adhan - The call to prayer.

  2. Ahmad (Ahmed)- Another name for the messenger Muhammad (PPBU).

  3. Allah - The Arabic word for "god."  It is often used as a name for God in Islam.

  4. Ansar (or Al-Ansar): The inhabitants of the city of Al-Medina that received and supported the messenger (PPBU) when he immigrated from Mekkah in the very early years of Islam.

  5. Assalam Alaikum - The Islamic greeting, literately means: Peace be with you. Used when approaching or leaving. When used during approaching it will be like saying: I bring no harm to you . and when said during leaving somebody it will mean: No harm will come to you after I leave.

  6. Aya (or Ayah): is a verse of the Koran. It also means a miracle or a sign from God.

  7. Arafa (or Arafah or Arafat): is a mountain outside the city of Mecca that represents the climax of the Hajj worship. All doing Hajj must stay at this location on the same day.

  8. Badr - The place of the first significant battle between the Muslims and the pagans of the Quraish. It is located in Saudi Arabia.  

  9. Caliph - A Muslim ruler. See: (Khalifa) 

  10. Dajjal - Antichrist or the False Massiah.

  11. Dawah - The proliferation of Islamic teachings through word and deed.  

  12. Deen (Din) - Religion or way of life. 

  13. Duaa: a prayer in the form of talking to Allah; praising him and asking him for help.

  14. Fatwa - Legal verdict given based on the Qur'an (Koran) and the Sunnah which are the recorded sayings and deeds of Muhammad.

  15. Ferdose: is the highest level of the all the gardens of Eden or paradise.

  16. Fiqh - Religious law.

  17. Hadeeth: is something reported that the messenger have said. It includes all the speeches and ceremonies he gave. It is usually narrated or told by one of his companions. There is a list of hadeeths approximately 14000 that are reported and checked to be genuine. No more hadeeths are acceptably added to this list.

  18. Hajar - The Black Stone set into the corner of the Ka'aba in Mecca. It is said to be a stone from Heaven.

  19. Hajj - The pilgrimage to Mecca which takes place in the last month of the Islamic calendar.  One of the five pillars of Islam.

  20. Hasana or hasanas: is the reward for a good deed. a hasana is a point or a merit for a good deed.

  21. Hadith - The sayings and not deeds of the prophet Muhammad recorded by his followers.  Considered authoritative and perfect.

  22. Hajj: is the worship of pilgrimage.

  23. Hijra (or Hejrah): the event of the immigration of the messenger from Mekkah to Madina. This event marks the start of the Islamic calendar. the Islamic calendar has 12 months based on the lunar cycle, each is 29.5 days. Hijra is also used as a name for the Islamic dating system.

  24. Ibadah - Worship. All the words and deeds with which Allah is pleased. These deeds could be prayer and charity.

  25. Iblis - (Ibleese): On of Satan's names.

  26. Ibn (Ebn): the son of. Used by Arabs as part of an individual's name. Example: Ali whose father is Omar or the son of Omar, would be called: Ali Ibn Omar.

  27. Imam (or Emam)- The leader for a prayer. In the Shiaa sect, an Imam is the individual who has the religious authority.  

  28. Iman: belief or faith

  29. Injil (Enjeel) - The Bible. The book inspired to Jesus for the Christians.

  30. Islam - Submission, the religion of all the prophets of Allah culminating in Muhammad.

  31. Jannah - The heavenly garden, Paradise.  The place of the faithful in the afterlife.

  32. Jihad: is striving in the line of Allah in many forms. Includes a very wide scope varying from improving oneself to fighting a defensive war in protection of Allah's word. The greatest Jihad is the fight one's self against temptations. It also means "holy war."

  33. Jinn - Supernatural, invisible beings race of beings, below angels.  They were made from fire. Like humans, there amongst them are the faithful and the non beleivers and Jinn shall be judged on Judgment Day.

  34. Ka'aba: A cube shaped building in Mecca containing a stone laid there by Abraham and Ishmael. Some say Ka'aba was first built by Adam, and some say by Abraham. It is the holiest place for Muslims. It is where all Muslims face in their daily prayers. Ka'aba also makes a major part of the pilgrimage in a ritual known as Tawaf.

  35. Khalifa: is the Muslim ruler. Head of the Islamic empire. Exact translation: "Successor".

  36. Khutbah  - A sermon given in a Mosque, usually on Friday.

  37. Kufr - Denial or Disbelief. A term Muslims use for anyone who denies existence of Allah or the prophecy of Muhammed.

  38. Koran - Also spelled Qur'an.  The holy book of Islam revealed to Muhammad by Allah through the Archangel Gabriel.  Koran literally means "the recital."  It is the final revelation of Allah given to the prophet Muhammad. It consists of 114 surahs (or chapters.)

  39. Madinah - (Medinah): A city in the Arabian peninsula (in the country known now as Saudi Arabia). A city where the messenger had to immigrate to. Then it was called Yathrib.

  40. Masjid - A center for Muslim activity.  It is referred to as a mosque.

  41. Masiah - A sin, or a sinful act

  42. Mecca or Makkah: is the holiest city for Muslims. It contains the Ka'aba mosque with the famous black cubical shape. Mecca is the birth place of the messenger (PPBU).

  43. Mosque - A Muslim house of worship.

  44. Muhajir - (Muhajireen) Immigrant, one who leaves his home town due to lack of religious freedom. It was first used to describe early Muslims immigrating from Mecca to Median and Ethiopia.

  45. Muhammad - the final messenger and prophet of God whose message abrogated all previous revelations.  He received the Koran through the angel Gabriel over a 23 year period. Born in Mecca and died in Medina at the age of 63. His full name: Muhammad ibn Abd-Allah

  46. Muslim - One who holds faith to the religion of Islam.

  47. Nafilah: a voluntary prayer other than the five obligatory prayers; performed at any time.
  48. Nasara - Christians.  Nasrani: A Christian individual. Nasraniah: Christianity.

  49. Ommah: is the Arabic word for a nation. It usually refers to the Islamic nation unless otherwise specified.

  50. Paradise - Another word for heaven.  A garden of bliss, fruits, rivers and all forms of pleasures imaginable and imaginable. No suffering, disease or death. Service is provided by angels. All live  in it an ever lasting youthful life. Promised by Almighty Allah to all faithful, true Jews, true Christians and True Muslims. Paradise is one of two places every person will go to, either Paradise or Hellfire.

  51. PPBU (P.B.U.H.) : Peace and Prayers Be Upon him. A statement Muslims use any time they mention the name of the messenger or make a reference to him.
  52. Qadar - Fate. Preordainment is the teaching that all things, good and bad, are preordained to occur.

  53. Qadr - (night of Qadr): The night when the first revelation of the Koran took place. Most likely it happened during one of the last ten nights of the month of Ramadan. Or when the Koran was brought down to the nearest heaven in one go, and from there it was brought down in bits and few verses at a time over a period of 23 years. This night is considered the holiest night for Muslims with tremendous advantages.
  54. Qibla - The direction which Muslims turn for daily prayers, towards Mecca.

  55. Quraish - An ancient Arab tribe to which the messenger Muhammad belonged.

  56. Ramadan - The ninth month of the Islamic calendar which is the month of the fast. The holiest month in the Muslim colander.

  57. Salat - Prayers. Generally it covers all forms of worship, but more specifically refers to the Muslim rituals which is performed to worship Allah five times daily.

  58. Shiaa: A sect of Islam that teaches that a religion leader (Imam) should be the political ruler and must be direct descendants of the messenger (PPBU). Therefore, disapproving of all Muslim leaders who ruled After the messenger (PPBU) except Ali, the messenger's grandson.

  59. Shirk - Associating another god with Allah.  Or associating anyone or anything with Allah. Or using anyone or anything as a medium to Allah. The opposite of Monotheism or Tawheed.  

  60. Siam  or Soam- Fasting

  61. Sunni: is a the title of  those Muslims who are suppose to be following the life style of the messenger. This differentiates them from the Shiaa of Iran.

  62. Sunna (Sunnah): Is how the Messenger PPBU lived, what he did or said. It includes the way he dressed, ate, drank, prayed, interacted with other people and fought. Basically, sunnah is the life style of the messenger PPBU. It is considered the second source of legislation in Islamic laws and it is considered to be an important reference to be used for concluding arguments and disputes. It is also a title give to the main stream Muslims who make 90% if all Muslims.

  63. Surah - A chapter of the Koran.  

  64. Tawaf: part of the pilgrimage (Hajj) ritual. It involves walking round the Ka'aba Mosque in anti-clock wise direction a number of seven circles.

  65. Tauhid - Tawheed - Monotheism, in Islam is the teaching that there is only one God who alone is worthy of worship. The first requirement of becoming a Muslim. It is included in the testimony of faith for new Muslims when declaring that God is one: (No God but Allah)

  66. Taqwah - Proper fear and veneration of Allah.  A divine spark that enables the person to understand God.

  67. Taurat: The old Testaments and scriptures of Mosa.

  68. Ummah - the word means: a Nation. Usually refers to the Islamic nation unless otherwise stated.

  69. Umrah - (Amrah): A mini hajj. A Minor form of pilgrimage to Mecca. Unlike Hajj which can only be done on the 12th month of the Islamic year, Umrah can be performed at any time.

  70. Wathoo (wadoo): a washing up ritual done by Muslims before each of the five daily prayers known as ablution.

  71. Zaboor - The Psalms

  72. Zakat - The third pillar of Islam.  Alms giving, charity that is given to the poor.

 


Faheem Bukhatwa, my email address is : faheemfb@gmail.com