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In the name of Allah most gracious most merciful.

Eid Al-Adha  (1436h - 2015ac)

 

Written by:       Sk. Abd-Razzag Taher Farith

Translated by: Dr. Faheem Bukhatwa

 

10 Thul-Hejja 1436h

24 September 2015ac

 

 

All thanks be to Allah the Almighty, the creator of all the creation. He is the owner and administrator of all things. All creations reverence and humble before him. All who have faith submit and resign to His superiority, and admit and accept His names and attributes.

 

All thanks be to Allah the Gentle, the Expert, the most Forgiving, the most merciful. He decreed the rituals for the benefit of the slaves. He chose those who believe in the single and only God, He chose them to do and glorify the Hajj rituals. In performing the rituals of Hajj, Allah says: {So, they witness benefits for them}. And for slaughtering the sacrifices Allah says: {and we made camels part of the ritual. There is benefit within it for you}. Thanks be to Allah for decreeing it for us, and guiding us to do so, and enabling us to do it. I testify that there is no God but Allah the one and only with no partners. He is wise in what He does. He is lenient and patient when granting a respite, and He is noble but tough in revenge, and so fast in applying punishment. No one has any power over Him, and people cannot bare His torture. And I testify that Muhammad is His slave and His messenger. His status was elevated by Allah. And Allah spread his mention amongst the nations, and brought through his religion to the world so clearly, and spread his message. People are joining his faith in groups. May Allahs peace, prayers, and blessings be upon him, and upon his family, companions and followers until the day of resurrection.

 

Dear Muslims, fear and venerate Allah and obey Him. Accomplish, carry out and fulfill His religion, glorify His rituals, and say words to give thanks to Him, and to glorify Him. Allah says: {and those who glorify Allahs ritual, That is part of God fearing hearts}.

 

Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, all thanks be to Allah.

 

Allah Akbar, He showed us His total control and ability over individuals and over nations which blew our minds out and which made our hearts drop in fear, respect and glorification to Him. Allah says: {All that is in the heavens and the earth belong to Him, and they all humble before Him}.

 

Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar and all thanks be to Allah.

 

You are in a noble, bountiful day and a great eidThis day of yours is the greater day of Hajj. The greatest day to Allah as the messenger ppbu told us. It is the day of sacrifice, the day of Eid, and the last of the ten known days. It is a day, which is followed by three days. They are days of food, drink, joy and remembering of Allah. The messenger ppbu said: {the greatest days with Allah are the day of sacrifice and the day which follows it, the day of rest}. The messenger ppbu was reported saying: {The Eid Fitr day, the day of sacrifice and the three days that follow it (Tashreeque days) are feast days for people of Islam. They are days of food and drink}.

 

Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar and all thanks be to Allah.

 

On this day, and the days of tashreeque (or the three days that follow it), Muslims combine remembering Allah during their prayer and glorification, praise and giving thanks. They combine it with offering the sacrifice, and spilling of blood at the mention of His name. The messenger ppbu said on sacrifice day: {We start this day of ours by praying, then we return and slaughter. This whom does this then they have followed our conduct and practice (our Sunnah). Whoso ever sacrifices before we pray then it just an ordinary meat he hurried it to his family and it is not part of our ritual}.

 

The messenger ppbu was commanded to pray and offer a sacrifice as way of giving thanks to his God for what God Has blessed him with of gifts and benefits and advantages. Allah says: {We have granted you the Kowthar river in paradise. So, give prayers and sacrifice to your Lord. This who despises you is the one who shall expire}.

 

Slaves of Allah, Eid is an opportunity to show mercy, support and collaboration. Eid is a great opportunity for forgiveness and mending of bridges between us. It is a chance to link with our blood relatives. It is an opportunity to renew relations with relatives and neighbours. It is an opportunity to be kind to the poor, wretched and needy. Eid is an opportunity to be kind to orphans and widows. It is one of the great rituals of Islam to donate food, and show kindness to the poor, orphans and widows and expecting the mercy of Allah in return. Eid is also an opportunity for the unity and adherence of the nation.

 

Islam has decreed that on this day; one should bring happiness to the family and children. That of course has to be per the lawful controls and limits that our religion has guided us to. And as far away as possible from what would bring Allahs anger. And remember slaves of Allah that the intention of remembering Allah, and glorifying and praising Him is to refresh the greatness of Allah within our hearts. This is in order that our hearts shall turn to Him alone at all times, and that our souls shall come to obey Him, love Him and depend upon Him alone with no partners. That is because He is the greatest and no one is greater than Him. And because He is the Provider from whom comes all our provisions. And He is the King that everyone else other than He are slaves. And He is the creator who created everything and everyone else. Allah says: {That is your God, No other God but Him, the creator of all things, worship Him, and He is responsible and authority upon everything} 6:102.

 

Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar, Allah Akbar and all thanks be to Allah.

 

Nation of Islam, One of the mercies, which Allah Has blessed us with, is the mercy of Islam to which He guided us. We would not have been guided if not for Him alone. Slaves of Allah, fear Allah, and give thanks to Him for the mercy of this great religion which He bestowed on to you. He made this religion complete. He topped up His mercy upon you with this religion. Allah says: {Today I have completed your religion for you, and complemented upon you My mercy, and I have accepted for you to have Islam as a religion} 6:3. It is the only religion, which Allah would accept from anybody. Allah says: {whosoever seeks a religion other than Islam then it would not be accepted from Him, and in the life after will be casted with the losers} 3:85. The messenger ppbu said: {By the Almighty, in whose hand my soul is, if anyone in this nation, a Jew or a Christian hears about me, and dies without believing in what I was sent with, then they shall be with those in hellfire}.

 

People, you should know that this great religion of Islam is valid for any time and any place. It contains solutions to each and every situation, old or new. So, hold on tight to your religion, which will guarantee victory, establishment and consolidation. Doing so; will guarantee you guidance in both lives, this one and the next. The messenger ppbu said: {I left with you what will make you never be misguided, as long as you stick to it, the book of Allah}.

 

Today, Eat and drink, and glorify the rituals of Allah. Remember Allah plenty after your prayers and at all times. Be happy on your Eid, and obey your God. Be aware of the wrong acts on those great days. It is not a sign of giving thanks of Allah for His mercies by disobeying Him, especially on the days when you are meant to remember Him and thank Him.

 

Also give prayers and greetings upon the prophet of the mercy and guidance just as your God commanded you to do so, as He says: {Allah and His angels pray upon the prophet, you who have faith pray upon him, and give greetings of peace upon him} 33:56.

 

 

 

Notes:

  1. Adhan - The call to prayer.

  2. Ahmad (Ahmed)- Another name for the messenger Muhammad (PPBU).

  3. Allah - The Arabic word for "god."  It is often used as a name for God in Islam.

  4. Ansar (or Al-Ansar): The inhabitants of the city of Al-Medina that received and supported the messenger (PPBU) when he immigrated from Mekkah in the very early years of Islam.

  5. Assalam Alaikum - The Islamic greeting, literately means: Peace be with you. Used when approaching or leaving. When used during approaching it will be like saying: I bring no harm to you . and when said during leaving somebody it will mean: No harm will come to you after I leave.

  6. Aya (or Ayah): is a verse of the Koran. It also means a miracle or a sign from God.

  7. Arafa (or Arafah or Arafat): is a mountain outside the city of Mecca that represents the climax of the Hajj worship. All doing Hajj must stay at this location on the same day.

  8. Badr - The place of the first significant battle between the Muslims and the pagans of the Quraish. It is located in Saudi Arabia.  

  9. Caliph - A Muslim ruler. See: (Khalifa) 

  10. Dajjal - Antichrist or the False Massiah.

  11. Dawah - The proliferation of Islamic teachings through word and deed.  

  12. Deen (Din) - Religion or way of life. 

  13. Duaa: a prayer in the form of talking to Allah; praising him and asking him for help.

  14. Fatwa - Legal verdict given based on the Qur'an (Koran) and the Sunnah which are the recorded sayings and deeds of Muhammad.

  15. Ferdose: is the highest level of the all the gardens of Eden or paradise.

  16. Fiqh - Religious law.

  17. Hadeeth: is something reported that the messenger have said. It includes all the speeches and ceremonies he gave. It is usually narrated or told by one of his companions. There is a list of hadeeths approximately 14000 that are reported and checked to be genuine. No more hadeeths are acceptably added to this list.

  18. Hajar - The Black Stone set into the corner of the Ka'aba in Mecca. It is said to be a stone from Heaven.

  19. Hajj - The pilgrimage to Mecca which takes place in the last month of the Islamic calendar.  One of the five pillars of Islam.

  20. Hasana or hasanas: is the reward for a good deed. a hasana is a point or a merit for a good deed.

  21. Hadith - The sayings and not deeds of the prophet Muhammad recorded by his followers.  Considered authoritative and perfect.

  22. Hajj: is the worship of pilgrimage.

  23. Hijra (or Hejrah): the event of the immigration of the messenger from Mekkah to Madina. This event marks the start of the Islamic calendar. the Islamic calendar has 12 months based on the lunar cycle, each is 29.5 days. Hijra is also used as a name for the Islamic dating system.

  24. Ibadah - Worship. All the words and deeds with which Allah is pleased. These deeds could be prayer and charity.

  25. Iblis - (Ibleese): On of Satan's names.

  26. Ibn (Ebn): the son of. Used by Arabs as part of an individual's name. Example: Ali whose father is Omar or the son of Omar, would be called: Ali Ibn Omar.

  27. Imam (or Emam)- The leader for a prayer. In the Shiaa sect, an Imam is the individual who has the religious authority.  

  28. Iman: belief or faith

  29. Injil (Enjeel) - The Bible. The book inspired to Jesus for the Christians.

  30. Islam - Submission, the religion of all the prophets of Allah culminating in Muhammad.

  31. Jannah - The heavenly garden, Paradise.  The place of the faithful in the afterlife.

  32. Jihad: is striving in the line of Allah in many forms. Includes a very wide scope varying from improving oneself to fighting a defensive war in protection of Allah's word. The greatest Jihad is the fight one's self against temptations. It also means "holy war."

  33. Jinn - Supernatural, invisible beings race of beings, below angels.  They were made from fire. Like humans, there amongst them are the faithful and the non beleivers and Jinn shall be judged on Judgment Day.

  34. Ka'aba: A cube shaped building in Mecca containing a stone laid there by Abraham and Ishmael. Some say Ka'aba was first built by Adam, and some say by Abraham. It is the holiest place for Muslims. It is where all Muslims face in their daily prayers. Ka'aba also makes a major part of the pilgrimage in a ritual known as Tawaf.

  35. Khalifa: is the Muslim ruler. Head of the Islamic empire. Exact translation: "Successor".

  36. Khutbah  - A sermon given in a Mosque, usually on Friday.

  37. Kufr - Denial or Disbelief. A term Muslims use for anyone who denies existence of Allah or the prophecy of Muhammed.

  38. Koran - Also spelled Qur'an.  The holy book of Islam revealed to Muhammad by Allah through the Archangel Gabriel.  Koran literally means "the recital."  It is the final revelation of Allah given to the prophet Muhammad. It consists of 114 surahs (or chapters.)

  39. Madinah - (Medinah): A city in the Arabian peninsula (in the country known now as Saudi Arabia). A city where the messenger had to immigrate to. Then it was called Yathrib.

  40. Masjid - A center for Muslim activity.  It is referred to as a mosque.

  41. Masiah - A sin, or a sinful act

  42. Mecca or Makkah: is the holiest city for Muslims. It contains the Ka'aba mosque with the famous black cubical shape. Mecca is the birth place of the messenger (PPBU).

  43. Mosque - A Muslim house of worship.

  44. Muhajir - (Muhajireen) Immigrant, one who leaves his home town due to lack of religious freedom. It was first used to describe early Muslims immigrating from Mecca to Median and Ethiopia.

  45. Muhammad - the final messenger and prophet of God whose message abrogated all previous revelations.  He received the Koran through the angel Gabriel over a 23 year period. Born in Mecca and died in Medina at the age of 63. His full name: Muhammad ibn Abd-Allah

  46. Muslim - One who holds faith to the religion of Islam.

  47. Nafilah: a voluntary prayer other than the five obligatory prayers; performed at any time.
  48. Nasara - Christians.  Nasrani: A Christian individual. Nasraniah: Christianity.

  49. Ommah: is the Arabic word for a nation. It usually refers to the Islamic nation unless otherwise specified.

  50. Paradise - Another word for heaven.  A garden of bliss, fruits, rivers and all forms of pleasures imaginable and imaginable. No suffering, disease or death. Service is provided by angels. All live  in it an ever lasting youthful life. Promised by Almighty Allah to all faithful, true Jews, true Christians and True Muslims. Paradise is one of two places every person will go to, either Paradise or Hellfire.

  51. PPBU (P.B.U.H.) : Peace and Prayers Be Upon him. A statement Muslims use any time they mention the name of the messenger or make a reference to him.
  52. Qadar - Fate. Preordainment is the teaching that all things, good and bad, are preordained to occur.

  53. Qadr - (night of Qadr): The night when the first revelation of the Koran took place. Most likely it happened during one of the last ten nights of the month of Ramadan. Or when the Koran was brought down to the nearest heaven in one go, and from there it was brought down in bits and few verses at a time over a period of 23 years. This night is considered the holiest night for Muslims with tremendous advantages.
  54. Qibla - The direction which Muslims turn for daily prayers, towards Mecca.

  55. Quraish - An ancient Arab tribe to which the messenger Muhammad belonged.

  56. Ramadan - The ninth month of the Islamic calendar which is the month of the fast. The holiest month in the Muslim colander.

  57. Salat - Prayers. Generally it covers all forms of worship, but more specifically refers to the Muslim rituals which is performed to worship Allah five times daily.

  58. Shiaa: A sect of Islam that teaches that a religion leader (Imam) should be the political ruler and must be direct descendants of the messenger (PPBU). Therefore, disapproving of all Muslim leaders who ruled After the messenger (PPBU) except Ali, the messenger's grandson.

  59. Shirk - Associating another god with Allah.  Or associating anyone or anything with Allah. Or using anyone or anything as a medium to Allah. The opposite of Monotheism or Tawheed.  

  60. Siam  or Soam- Fasting

  61. Sunni: is a the title of  those Muslims who are suppose to be following the life style of the messenger. This differentiates them from the Shiaa of Iran.

  62. Sunna (Sunnah): Is how the Messenger PPBU lived, what he did or said. It includes the way he dressed, ate, drank, prayed, interacted with other people and fought. Basically, sunnah is the life style of the messenger PPBU. It is considered the second source of legislation in Islamic laws and it is considered to be an important reference to be used for concluding arguments and disputes. It is also a title give to the main stream Muslims who make 90% if all Muslims.

  63. Surah - A chapter of the Koran.  

  64. Tawaf: part of the pilgrimage (Hajj) ritual. It involves walking round the Ka'aba Mosque in anti-clock wise direction a number of seven circles.

  65. Tauhid - Tawheed - Monotheism, in Islam is the teaching that there is only one God who alone is worthy of worship. The first requirement of becoming a Muslim. It is included in the testimony of faith for new Muslims when declaring that God is one: (No God but Allah)

  66. Taqwah - Proper fear and veneration of Allah.  A divine spark that enables the person to understand God.

  67. Taurat: The old Testaments and scriptures of Mosa.

  68. Ummah - the word means: a Nation. Usually refers to the Islamic nation unless otherwise stated.

  69. Umrah - (Amrah): A mini hajj. A Minor form of pilgrimage to Mecca. Unlike Hajj which can only be done on the 12th month of the Islamic year, Umrah can be performed at any time.

  70. Wathoo (wadoo): a washing up ritual done by Muslims before each of the five daily prayers known as ablution.

  71. Zaboor - The Psalms

  72. Zakat - The third pillar of Islam.  Alms giving, charity that is given to the poor.

 


Faheem Bukhatwa, my email address is : faheemfb@gmail.com